Got questions about the water projects? We’ve got answers. Give us a call or shoot us an email if you have additional questions!
How do you determine where the water projects are implemented?
This is determined by our implementing partners based on several criteria: the community’s population; the availability and quality of the community’s existing water source, and the distance the community is traveling to collect their water. The neediest villages receive water projects first.
How do you determine which water solution is appropriate for a particular community?
Our implementing partners in the field select the most appropriate water solution depending on the geological features of the area, the topography of the land, the depth of water aquifer beneath the ground, and the needs of the community. In general, a Spring Protection Development is the first choice of water project type because it is a natural source of readily-available surface water. Second choice is a Hand-Dug Well, then Drilled Well, then Rain Water Catchment.
What is the expected longevity of a typical hand-dug well and how many people can it serve?
If properly maintained and cared for, the life-span of a typical hand dug well can be 20 -30 years and can serve a community of 250 people. Along with the completion of the Well, a Water Committee, made up of community members, is implemented to ensure proper maintenance of the well.
What is the average cost of a hand-dug well and what is included?
The average cost of a hand-dug well (in Ethiopia) is $5,000 and includes construction materials, specialized labor and spare parts to be left with the community and local water bureau, and hygiene education to be disseminated to the community. Toilets and hand-washing stations are separately funded projects.
What is the typical timeframe to construct a hand-dug well?
A hand-dug well takes an average of 3 months to construct and is completed, in partnership, by the implementing partner and the benefitting community. They can be excavated using hand tools, small generators, dewatering pumps, hammer drills and explosives. Hand dug wells vary in depth from 8-20 meters depending on the water table. They are lined with either stone masonry or pre-cast concrete rings.
What is a Spring Protection Development project?
In order to construct this type of water project, a pre-existing spring eye is capped to protect the water source. The water is then filtered and piped to a reservoir where it is stored until being piped to a distribution point. SPDs often include cattle troughs and basins for washing clothes. This type of construction costs between $5,000-10,000.